The Central Highlands in the southern centre of Sri Lanka are the heart of the country. In the heart of the highlands there is a 65km long plateau. The highest elevation of the country is the Pidurutalagala (2,524m). Two mountain ranges define the island, one stretching 50km to the east towards Namunakula (2,036m), the other 50km to the west towards Sri Pada (2,243m). To the west and east, the centre of the highlands is bordered by two plateaus; to the north and south are further mountains, each separated from the centre by valleys. The 240 metre high Bambarakanda Falls are the tallest waterfalls in Sri Lanka.
However, most of the island consists of large tropical plains 30-200m above sea level. The transition from the plain to the central highlands is abrupt, making the mountains seem like a wall. The plain to the north and east is flat and divided by narrow granite ridges towards the highlands. spacer
The island is surrounded by a coastal belt 30 metres above sea level. The coasts of Sri Lanka are mostly sandy beaches.